Banking

Banking

The Banking industry deals with the section of the economy devoted to the holding of financial assets for others and investing those financial assets as a leveraged way to create more wealth. It is an industry that handles cash, credit, and other financial transactions, including regulation of banking activities by government agencies, insurance, mortgages, investor services, and credit cards. As it plays as one of the key drivers of a country’s economy, it provides the liquidity needed for families and businesses to invest in the future. The most prevalent trend in the banking industry today is the shift to digital, specifically mobile and online banking. This digital transformation has led to increased competition from tech startups, as well as consolidation of smaller banks and startups.

  • Banks are impacted by interest rates
    • They lend to borrowers at long-term rates or floating rates
    • They borrow themselves at short-term rates
    • They earn a spread between the two (long-term rates are usually > short-term rates)
      • This spread is called "net interest margin)
      • Banks do better when the spread is larger (wider yield curve)
      • Banks do worse when the spread is tighter (flat yield curve)