A verdict from a judge that a criminal defendant is not guilty or the evidence is inadequate to support a conviction.
Evidence is considered admissible if it meets all of the standards required to present it in a court of law.
A written or printed statement made under oath.
A way to settle a dispute outside of the courtroom.
A post-trial request made by the losing party to have the case reviewed by a higher court.
A trial where the judge acts as the decision-maker instead of a jury.
A lawsuit in which an individual or small group sues an entity on the behalf of a much larger group.
A verdict in which the court requires an individual to work without pay for a nonprofit organization.
A guilty verdict against a criminal defendant.
The individual or business against whom a lawsuit is filed.
Facts or items presented in the court of law with the intention to persuade the judge or jury.
A serious crime, usually punishable by a minimum of one year in prison.
Information presented by a witness who did not see the incident in question, but rather heard about it from someone else.
An official of the Judicial branch with the authority to decide lawsuits brought before a court.
A group of people selected to hear the evidence in a trial and make a verdict.
Another word for a court case, or lawsuit.
A less-serious crime, punishable by a maximum of one-year imprisonment.
An invalid trial leads to the restarting of the same case with a new jury.
A person or business who files the lawsuit with a court.
An agreement made between the plaintiff and defendant where the defendant agrees to plead guilty in order to receive a lesser punishment.
Parties resolve their dispute without a trial.
Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials.
The determination of guilt or innocence made by the judge or jury.
A person called upon during a trial to give testimony before the court.