Esther Duflo is a trailblazing economist who became the second woman and youngest ever recipient to be awarded the Nobel for Economics. She seeks to understand the microeconomic issues in developing countries, with the purpose to help design and evaluate social policies. She has worked on health, financial inclusion, education, environment, and governance. Duflo has conducted experiments in Africa and Indian nations to determine how several factors such as education and healthcare could be improved to combat poverty. Duflo has written extensively on matters including HIV prevention in Kenya, improving immunization rates in India, bundling health insurance and microfinance, improving immunization rates in India, and the role of social interactions in retirement plan decisions, and a lot more.