Urbanization is the process of a population moving from rural farmlands to dense urbanized cities.

Urbanization Tends to Increase Living Standards & Lifespans
  • urbanization fuels productivity growth and specialization
  • densely populated cites promote education, specialization and better services
  • countries that are urbanizing usually have rapid economic growth
  • Better sanitation, healthcare, safer jobs, etc.

  • Urbanization also results in lower birth rates
    • Better healthcare = less mortality = less need to have more
    • Costs/resources to raise kids is more expensive
    • No use for kids to help out or work on the farm