Benoit Mandelbrot was a French and American mathematician and polymath with broad interests in the practical sciences, especially regarding what he labeled as "the art of roughness" of physical phenomena and "the uncontrolled element in life." He was largely responsible for the present interest in fractal geometry. He showed how fractals can occur in many different places in both mathematics and elsewhere in nature.
Mandelbrot has received numerous honors and prizes in recognition of his remarkable achievements.
In 1985, Mandelbrot was awarded the Barnard Medal for Meritorious Service to Science.
In 1986, he received the Franklin Medal.
In 1987, he was honored with the Alexander von Humboldt Prize.
He received the Steinmetz Medal in 1988, and many more awards including the Nevada Medal in 1991, and the Wolf prize for physics in 1993.