Idaho is known as the Gem State consisting of 44 counties distinguished for their nearly 72 precious stones in the state. With a population of over 1.5 million, the state of Idaho is the 14th largest, and the 12th least populous state in the United States. The state is known as the Lentil Capital of the World, and significantly known for their agricultural sector, supplying various products. Idaho’s economy includes manufacturing, agriculture, mining, forestry, aerospace, computer technology and innovation, energy, food production and recreation technology, and tourism. Idaho’s agricultural industry is widely known for their potato crops, which comprises around one-third of the nationwide yield. The state is also recognized for their scenic mountain landscapes, miles of protected wilderness, and outdoor recreation areas, including Craters of the Moon National Monument, Sun Valley Resort, Lake Coeur d’Alene, Shoshone Falls, and Bear River Massacre Historical Site.