Founding Date

The upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.

  • 100 voting seats
  • ~1/3 are up for election/re-election every 2 years
  • State governors get to appoint a replacement if a senator drops out mid-term
  • The political party that has a majority of seats gets control of:
    • Majority vote on committees
    • Control of the agenda
    • Control of subpoenas
    • Control of hearings
    • Control of document requests, etc
    • All this control ultimately gives the majority party control of policy