Ray Monk

Ray Monk

Formal First Name
1957 - present

Ray Monk, philosopher and biographer, is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University of Southampton, where he has taught various capacities since 1992. His research interests include the philosophy of mathematics, the history of analytic philosophy, and philosophical aspects arising from the practice of biography. He is well known for his biographies of Ludwig Wittgenstein, Bertrand Russell, and J. Robert Oppenheimer. In his award-winning biography Ludwig Wittgenstein: The Duty of Genius, Ray chronicles Wittgenstein’s life and relentless self-examination. Since 2012, he has occasionally written for the New Statesman, contributing articles on philosophers and on veganism.

Professional Experience

Academic History


  • Ludwig Wittgenstein: The Duty of Genius, 1991

  • Bertrand Russell: The Spirit of Solitude 1872–1921, 1996

  • Russell, 1997

  • Bertrand Russell: The Ghost of Madness 1921–1970, 2001

  • How to Read Wittgenstein, 2005

  • Inside the Center: The Life of J. Robert Oppenheimer, 2012

  • Robert Oppenheimer: A Life Inside the Center, 2013